Golden Retrievers with blue eyes may be a rarity that dog owners may be looking to find. While Goldens come in many types and colors, their eye color is typically brown. So is it possible to find one with blue eyes? We explain if it is possible, and why.
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Can Golden Retrievers Have Blue Eyes?
Golden Retrievers can have blue eyes. However, this trait can only be found in Goldens if they are puppies, have eye illnesses such as cataracts, or are mixed breed dogs. You can not find an adult, pure bred, healthy Golden Retriever with blue eyes.
So while it is possible to see Goldens with blue eyes, it is important to know why. If you are looking at a puppy, just know that the eyes will change color to a darker brown. If it is an adult, then you are either viewing an unhealthy dog or a Golden mixed with another breed.
Golden Retriever Puppies With Blue Eyes
There are cases where Golden Retriever puppies can have dark blue eyes when they’re young. However, that does not mean the puppy will still have blue eyes when it’s an adult. Puppies with blue eyes are the result of a lack of pigment.
As we know, it’s not until puppies are about two weeks of age that they open their eyes. And even when they can open them, their eyes won’t fully work.
Nevertheless, it will take a few weeks for the puppies’ eyesight to improve, and it’s when their blue eyes will turn brown.
Can Your Golden Retriever Eyes Change Color?
Yes, almost all dogs’ eyes will change color. At birth, all dogs’ eyes are a shade of blue. Then, over the first months of life, they will gradually darken to brown.
However, suppose your golden retriever’s eyes were previously brown and are now starting to turn blue. In that case, you might want to visit the veterinarian to check your Golden’s vision.
This is because of a rare side-effect of eye illness in dogs, such as glaucoma and cataracts, which are changes in eye color.
Mixed Breed Golden Retrievers With Blue Eyes
If you find yourself with an adult blue-eyed Golden Retriever, there is a high chance it’s not a purebred. However, there are cases where you find dogs that look like they are 100% Golden until you see their eyes.
For example, if you see one with eyes as blue as a husky’s, then it’s possible the breeder crossed it with a husky. The same thing happens with Black Golden Retrievers. They appear like regular Goldens (except for their unique color), but they are not purebred Golden Retrievers.
When mixed with a Golden Retriever, some dog breeds can have blue eyes as a result. Below is a list of possible breed mixes that could create blue eyes.
Breeds That Could Result In Blue Eyes When Mixed With Golden Retrievers
- Old English Sheepdog
- Cocker spaniel
- Great Dane
- Australian cattle dog
- Australian shepherd
- German shepherd
- Border collie
Suppose you mix a Golden Retriever or a Lab with one – or more – of these breeds mixes. In that case, the chances are high that the result could be a blue-eyed mixed breed Golden Retriever.
Are Golden Retriever’s Blue Eyes Related To Health Conditions?
Blue eyes in a Golden Retriever can be linked to health conditions in their eyes. While this might not always be the case, there are a few issues to keep in mind.
There are several different health conditions that Golden Retrievers are susceptible to that could cause them to “seem” as if they have blue eyes. A few of them are:
A cataract is an eye illness when the eye lens becomes cloudy, leaving the eyes looking blue or cloudy. This may arise as a result of injury, genetic disorders, disease, or old age.
The denser and bigger they become, the more likely it is for them to lead to blindness. So, if this is your Golden’s case, and if you think the dog may have cataracts, have the veterinarian check on it.
Glaucoma is an illness where the eye pressure has levels that are higher than normal. It can be caused by a few potential events, such as tumors or injury, and can also lead to blindness. And like cataracts and nuclear sclerosis, glaucoma may also cause the eyes’ appearance to become blue or cloudy.
A Golden Retriever’s eyes turning blue could be caused by other problems. So, in essence, if you realize your dog’s normally brown eyes are turning blue, take it to the veterinarian. It could be a serious issue that could cause blindness.
Nuclear sclerosis and cataracts are often confused by many dog owners. The reason for this is because both of them give a bluish, cloudy hue to the dog’s eyes.
But, the truth is that nuclear sclerosis doesn’t affect a dog’s vision, is painless, and doesn’t have treatment.
Albinism in Golden Retrievers
English Cream Golden Retrievers:
English Cream Golden Retrievers are different that those with Albinism. Learn more about Types and Colors of Golden Retrievers.
There are “albino” animals in the world. Albino animals have a deficiency of the genes that produce melanin, which is the pigment that gives color to the skin and hair.
Albinism is very rare in dogs. Animals that have albinism tend to have pink eyes, but this isn’t the case for dogs. In dogs, albinism is more likely to give them blue eyes. Albino dogs also have white fur and pink noses.
There is a possibility where two purebred Golden Retriever parents can have an albino puppy. This would be one rare case where a dog with blue eyes could be a non-conforming Golden Retriever.
It is extremely rare for Golden Retrievers to have albinism. Therefore, most Golden Retrievers with blue eyes are indeed Golden Retriever mixes.
What Is The Standard For Eye Colors In Golden Retrievers?
In the United States, the AKC (American Kennel Club) has the responsibility of registering dogs. Then, based on the input from the breed’s national parent club, this dog pedigree association regulates each breed’s standards.
Regarding what color a Golden Retriever’s eyes should be, the Golden Retriever breed standard from the AKC states the following: “Color preferably dark brown; medium brown acceptable.”
For Golden Retrievers, GRCA (Golden Retriever Club of America) is the parent club. Together, the AKC and the GRCA define the Golden Retrievers’ breed standard. They include only dogs with brown eyes, where dark brown is preferred over light or medium brown.
Therefore, if light brown is not considered acceptable, blue eyes have no chance. So, you’ll probably never find a purebred Golden Retriever with blue eyes unless we are talking about a puppy or one with health issues.
If you see a breeder advertising “Blue Eyed Golden Retrievers For Sale” it is a scam. There are many puppy scams on the internet so be very cautious.
Some breeders will want to charge more money for their “specialty” blue-eyed puppies because of their different eye colors. They will claim these versions of dogs are rare and worth more. Don’t get scammed, as these are not trusted breeders.
To summarize, golden retrievers are not supposed to have blue eyes. The breed standard is brown eyes.
There are three things to keep in mind when looking to get a blue eyed Golden Retriever:
- The eyes of a Golden Retriever puppy will change to the color brown as they grow older.
- Blue eyed Golden Retrievers could be the result of health issues.
- Most Golden Retrievers with blue eyes are the result of mixing with another breed of dog.
If you wish to have a blue-eyed dog, then a husky or another breed with the tendency for blue eyes is a possible choice. Another choice would be to find a mixed breed dog, we would just advise to avoid paying a premium for those dogs and enjoy them for what they are.
If you have your heart set on a purebred Golden Retriever, then you’re going to have to settle for their big, beautiful, brown eyes!
If you have concerns about the health of your dogs eyes, be sure to visit your veterinarian. To learn more about Golden Retrievers health issues, be sure to check out our post on Common Health Problems.