Most people think that all Golden Retrievers are created equal. While it is true that they are fun-loving, energetic, and loyal canine companions, there are differences in terms of the work for which they are designed and trained to perform. These subtle distinctions can have an impact on the type of personality you might look for or expect when adding a Golden Retriever to your family.
Differences Between Show Golden Retrievers and Field Golden Retrievers
While both a Show Golden Retriever and a Field Golden Retriever are the same breed, the differences are found in their specialization, their features (size, coat, build), their temperament, and their general care requirements. Both types are very family friendly dogs.
Below I will compare these two types of Goldens and describe, in detail, what you can expect from each dog. Each type of these Goldens has a different set of needs, and we will cover what you will need to do to care for them.
A Field Golden Retriever has been trained to work from a very young age. Much of the work they need to do is performed outdoors, which is why the term “field” applies here. Field Goldens are used in hunting and can be trained to retrieve downed prey. Birds and waterfowl are the most common type of prey that they can retrieve.
Field Goldens can also work with search and rescue teams, and many are excellent athletes for agility courses. If your Golden has a phobia when it comes to loud noises and gunfire, he may not be ideal for work in the hunting field.
A Show Golden Retriever does not usually receive formal training. They are bred with a certain appearance in mind because judges at dog shows are looking for specific criteria when it comes to awarding the competitors. Show Goldens learn the basics like standing, walking, and being handled by different people in the show ring. However, some show dogs can help their people in a therapy or service dog capacity.
Features (Size, Build, Coat)
Field Goldens are the more athletic of the two types, so they tend to have smaller frames and slimmer physiques like a track runner. Their heads have more of a wedge-shape with a longer snout. Field Goldens coats tend to be darker in color, and the length of their fur is kept short so that it is easier to maintain when out in the fields.
Show Goldens have bigger, stockier builds and have block-shaped heads with shorter and more square-shaped muzzles. Their hair coats are lighter in color and longer in length, which means they tend to shed a little more than Field Goldens. Longer hair coats can also become knotted or matted very easily, so frequent brushing is important.
Field Goldens tend to have higher energy than the show goldens. A great deal of stamina is necessary for outdoor work, and Field Goldens have a terrific drive when it comes to vigorous running and jumping. Show Goldens can still be very energetic, but they are less likely to be wound up in situations where calm and quiet are necessary.
Even though Field and Show Goldens can vary when it comes to maximum energy levels, both types of Goldens maintain sociable and friendly personalities. They tend to get along with other animals and people well, and they are both eager to please. Show Goldens may be a little better than Field Goldens in public places like hospitals and nursing homes, but both can be trained to perform this kind of work.
Field Goldens require much more exercise and activity. If they are intended to live an indoor and sedentary lifestyle, they may be more likely to develop anxiety problems down the road. This anxiety can manifest in the form of destructive chewing behaviors. When Field Goldens play, they can be a little too rough with smaller pets and young children.
Show Goldens require mild exercise and activity to keep their body weight steady and their minds sharp. They tend to be great in families with small children because they are less likely to play too hard with babies or toddlers. However, routine grooming is extremely important because mats of fur can get out of control very quickly, and infections of the ears and skin can be missed under all of that hair!
Field Goldens are dogs who mostly perform work outdoors and have very athletic builds. Show goldens have stockier builds and mostly perform indoor work, either at dog shows or in a service dog capacity.
Both Goldens are lovable, sociable, and loyal dogs who would make a great addition to any family. Knowing the differences between the two can guide you to forming a more perfect relationship with your new furry family member!